June 24, 2015
JOHN ERNSTING AWARD: Prof. Henri Marotte, Dr.Med., Sc.D.
Established and sponsored by Environmental Tectonics Corporation in memory of Professor Ernsting. It is given for outstanding reserch in altitude physiology, and/or longstanding exceptional performance in the education, development, and administration of Aerospace Medicine and related specialties.
Prof. Henri Marotte, Dr.med., Sc.D., was the 2015 winner of the John Ernsting Award, for his accomplishments in research on the pathophysiological effects of flight, thermal constraints, biological rhythms, altitude and acceleration, and man-system interfaces (sometimes as a human subject). Formerly chief of the Aerospace Medical Laboratory of the French Flight Test Center, at present he is director of the Aerospace Medicine Education Service in the University of Paris, member of the Medical Council of Aviation Medicine, and consultant for industry.
A native of Lons-le-Saunier, France, Henri Marotte graduated from medical school in 1972 and received a doctoral degree in sciences in 1979. In 1982 he became a Professor of Physiology. In the late 70s, he worked on thermal physiology and circadian rhythms; he was then designated as responsible for high altitude activity in the French Flight Test Center. In the 80s, he was responsible for the testing and certification of a multitude of flight equipment, to include oxygen systems for the Alpha-Jet, Mirage 2000, and the Rafale. He performed the high-altitude tests for the pressure suit for the Mirage 2000, including himself as a subject in rapid decompression chamber tests up to 75000 ft. He was also in charge of testing various oxygen systems for military and civil transport aircraft. He developed the Positive Pressure Breathing schedule currently used in these systems. In addition, he assessed the risk of rapid decompression in transport aircraft to 45000 ft in order to adapt equipment and procedures. In the field of acceleration, he was involved in the study of positive pressure breathing for G and anti-G protection for fighter pilots. Since 1990, as a head of medical services for the Flight Test Center, he was a member of the French Medical Board of Civil Aviation, and a member of investigation boards for several aircraft mishaps. Since 1999, he has also been responsible for teaching aerospace medicine at the University of Paris, and Human Factors in engineering schools, to air transport pilots, and to various companies.
For 20 years, Dr. Marotte was the French representative to the NATO Aeromedical Working Group and, since 1992, a member of SAE A-10 committee (Aircraft Oxygen Equipment), regarding protection in high altitude environments.
Dr. Marotte is President and formerly General Secretary of the French Aviation and Space Medicine Society and a past president of the French Ecophysiological Society. His awards include the Légion d’Honneur (Chevalier), the French Merit Order (Chevalier), the Aeronautics Medall, and the Academic Palms (Officer).